Sleep loss is really a widespread issue with serious physical and economic consequences. Music such as nature sounds relaxation may impact upon psychological, physical and psychological conditions, which may explain anecdotal reports of its own success being a normal sleep aid. But, there's a lack of systematic data regarding how widely it is used, why folks opt for music as a sleeping aid, or what music works; thus the underlying drivers to music-sleep effects continue to be cloudy. We investigated music as a sleep aid over the overall public via a mixed methods statistics online survey (n = 651) which scored musicality, sleep habits, and open text answers on what music can help sleep and the reason why. In total, 62 percent of respondents said they used music to help people sleep. They reported fourteen musical genres comprising 545 artists. Regression tree modelling revealed that younger individuals with higher musical involvement proved somewhat more likely to make use of music to assist sleep. Thematic analysis of the open text answers generated four topics that described why people believe music may help sleep: music provides exceptional properties that stimulate sleep (Provide), music a part of a regular sleep pattern (Habit), music induces a bodily or state of mind conducive to sleeping (State), and music blocks an internal or external stimulus that could otherwise disrupt sleep (Distract). This survey provides new evidence into the association between music and sleep in a population that ranged widely in age, musicality, sleep habits and stress levels. In particular, the results highlight the pathways of effect between music and sleep. Diversity was discovered both in music choices, which reflected idiosyncratic preferences rather than any consistent musical structure, and in reasons why music encourages good sleep, which moved beyond simple physical/mental relaxation.
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